Loiola XXI

Lugar de encuentro abierto a seguidor@s de S. Ignacio de Loyola esperando construir un mundo mejor


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Presupuesto para las necesidades humanitarias de los refugiados sirios.

Naciones Unidas lanza llamamiento humanitario para reforzar la ayuda a los refugiados sirios

Dos niños refugiados sirios, en un albergue de Jordania. Foto: UNICEF/Lucy Lyon

24 de enero, 2017 — La Oficina de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios de Naciones Unidas (OCHA) y sus socios lanzaron este martes en Helsinki un llamamiento humanitario de más de 4.600 millones de dólares para cubrir las crecientes necesidades de los refugiados sirios y de los países vecinos que los acogen.

El Plan Regional de Refugiados y Resiliencia (3RP) para los dos próximos años busca auxiliar a más de 9 millones de sirios en esa condición en puntos clave dentro del país y en Turquía, Líbano, Jordania, Iraq y Egipto.

El monto solicitado se añade a los 3.400 millones de dólares pedidos inicialmente por Naciones Unidas para atender a 13,5 millones de sirios.

Durante el lanzamiento de este llamamiento en Finlandia, el coordinador de Ayuda de Emergencia de la ONU, Stephen O’Brien, lamentó la complejidad de este largo conflicto.

“La crisis en Siria continúa siendo una de las más complejas, inestables y violentas a nivel mundial. Por supuesto creemos que puede empeorar. Incluso si empezara la paz esta noche, las necesidades humanitarias continuarían por largo tiempo”, dijo O’Brien.

Naciones Unidas indicó que se prevé un incremento de las necesidades humanitarias con la llegada del invierno en un escenario donde la inmensa mayoría de los sirios vive por debajo del umbral de la pobreza, con muchas dificultades para acceder a alimentos y artículos de primera necesidad.


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Israelíes y palestinos en 2016. Balance.

OCHA reporta un aumento de las demoliciones de Israel en Cisjordania en 2016

Demolición de propiedades palestinas en Cisjordania por las fuerzas israelíes. Foto: OCHA

29 de diciembre, 2016 — La Oficina de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios (OCHA) dio a conocer hoy las cifras de 2016 sobre aspectos de la situación humanitaria en los territorios palestinos ocupados.

Entre ellas indicó que las autoridades israelíes demolieron o incautaron 1.089 propiedades palestinas en Cisjordania, incluida Jerusalén oriental.

Esas acciones han causado el desplazamiento de más de 1.500 palestinos e impactado los medios de subsistencia de otras 7.000 personas.

Se trata de las cifras más altas de ese tipo de irregularidades desde que el organismo de la ONU empezó a registrarlo en 2009.

En contrapartida, dijo OCHA, la cifra de bajas se ha reducido significativamente.

Al 26 de diciembre, 109 palestinos y 13 israelíes fueron muertos en 2016 en ataques o enfrentamientos en los territorios palestinos ocupados e Israel, en comparación con 169 y 25 fatalidades de ese tipo respectivamente ocurridas en 2015, concluyó OCHA.


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El posible impacto de El NIño exige una mayor previsión.

 

africa

El Niño impact in Eastern Africa continues to require highest level of investment in preparedness and response

(Nairobi, 23 December 2015): The El Nino global climatic event has since May been the major driver of new humanitarian needs in the Horn of Africa region. Enhanced rainfall continues in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda, and persistent drought has been reported in parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, northern Uganda and in the north-western and north-eastern parts of Somalia.

About 300,000 people remain displaced in the flood-affected countries and more than 100 people have died of flood-related situations in Kenya. Nearly two million people in the region remain at risk of being affected by flooding. The number of people facing food insecurity in the region has increased by 64 percent since August; from 11.3 million to 18.5 million people, who are in urgent need of assistance.

Heeding the early warning alert issued by the Climatic Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) in August, national governments and partners reinforced contingency and response plans and scaled-up prepositioning of aid supplies and conducting early animal vaccinations in hotspot areas. Ethiopia has launched a humanitarian requirements document for USD1.4 billion, while Kenya and Somalia have funding needs of $15 million and $30 million respectively.

The Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Ambassador Mahboub Maalim, congratulated member states and regional partners in eastern Africa for their efforts towards mitigating the impact of El Nino, and meeting the needs of affected people.

“Resilience programmes at both national and regional level have been immense and countries are better prepared than they were five years ago; although more still needs to be done to mitigate the impact, especially in drought-affected areas,” said Amb. Mahboub.

The humanitarian impact of the El Nino event in eastern Africa is likely to last well into 2016, threatening the regional development and resilience gains, as it comes against a backdrop of a wider humanitarian crisis. The geographic confluence of sustained conflict levels; localized economic shocks particularly in South Sudan continue to exacerbate humanitarian needs.

“This underscores the need to plan and resource for recovery from both floods and drought now and particularly to consider reorientation of existing resilience programming investments and to increase funding to both short-term response needs and resilience interventions,” said Mr. Pete Manfield, OCHA Head of Office for Eastern Africa

For further information, please contact:

Ms. Truphosa Anjichi-Kodumbe, OCHA Eastern Africa, Tel +254 722 839182, anjichi@un.org OR
Dr. Guleid A. Artan, Ph.D. Director, IGAD Climate Prediction & Applications Centre, Tel: +254-20-3514426


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Yemen: de diez víctimas de la guerra nueve son civiles.

Almost 9 in 10 deaths and injuries from explosive weapons in Yemen are civilian

25 September, 2015
Patients injured by airstrikes in Joumhouri hospital, Sana'a, Yemen, July 2015. Credit: OCHA / Charlotte Cans

Patients injured by airstrikes in Joumhouri hospital, Sana’a, Yemen, July 2015. Credit: OCHA / Charlotte Cans

When explosive weapons are used in Yemen, 86 per cent of the people killed or injured are civilians, according to a report: “State of crisis: explosive weapons in Yemen,” issued this week by OCHA and NGO Action on Armed Violence (AOAV).

This number rises to 95 per cent when explosive weapons are used in populated areas.

According to the report, nearly 4,500 civilians were killed or injured by explosive weapons during the first seven months of 2015, with the single biggest danger to civilians being air strikes. This means explosive weapons have killed or injured more civilians in Yemen this year than in any other country in the world.

“Yemen is the worst country in the world this year for civilians affected by explosive violence, more devastating even than the crisis in Syria and Iraq,” wrote report author, Robert Perkins.

Between January and July 2015, 21 civilians and 4 armed actors have been killed or injured by explosive weapons.

The authors call on all States and armed groups to refrain from using explosive weapons – particularly weapons with wide-area effects — in Yemen’s towns and cities. It also reiterates the UN Secretary-General’s call for States to develop and adopt practical measures and guidance to reduce the humanitarian impact of explosive weapons in urban areas. Ministers met in Vienna this week to discuss these issues.

Through the principles of proportionality, distinction and precaution, parties to conflict are obliged to limit loss of civilian life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects as far as possible according to International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Acro

Civilian deaths and injuries from explosive violence, Jan-Jul 2015.

ss the globe, greater compliance with IHL by all parties to conflict would significantly enhance the protection of civilians from the effects of explosive weapons.The trauma caused by explosive weapon attacks in populated areas is unfathomable. In Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, one resident, Mohammed Sarhan, described the moment on 20 April that an air strike hit a missile base at Faj Attan in his neighbourhood. “It was like the doors of hell opened, I felt the house lift up and fall,” he said.

Another resident, Osamah al-Fakih, said that when speaking to his sister after the bomb attack, “I could hear my two-year-old nephew crying out in fear and screaming ‘Mama, Mama.’ His voice is still resonating in my head as each shell goes off.”

Explosive weapons such as those used in Yemen vary widely in their design and delivery method. They include bombs, rockets, mortars and improvised explosive devices (IEDs), but each share the same aim: to fragment on detonation, and to kill, injure or destroy anything in the vicinity as effectively as possible.

The use of explosive weapons in civilian populated areas not only kills and injures civilian residents, but it also destroys their electricity grids and water and sanitation systems, forces schools and health clinics to shut down, decimates people’s livelihoods and causes mass displacement, effectively damaging lives for years to come.

Even when conflicts finally end, these towns and cities will remain heavily contaminated with explosive remnants of war for years, depriving civilians of access to land, schools, water points, religious sites and other locations and putting children in particular at risk.

Author Robert Perkins continued to describe the everyday reality in Yemen: “An already vulnerable population is now faced with a country reduced to rubble by falling bombs and rockets. Their homes destroyed, their families torn apart, it will take a many years to recover from the last few terrible months… The crisis in Yemen shows exactly why explosive weapons with wide-area effects have no place being used in populated areas. All parties to this conflict must immediately stop the bombing of civilians and civilian areas.”


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Crítica situación en Irak. OCHA

Iraq: Fending off disaster

3 June, 2015
Family having just moved in Sheikhan camp, outside of Dohuk - Kurdistan region, Iraq,  May 2015. Credit: OCHA/Charlotte Cans.

Family having just moved in Sheikhan camp, outside of Dohuk – Kurdistan region, Iraq, May 2015. Credit: OCHA/Charlotte Cans.

The crisis in Iraq, linked to the take-over of Iraqi territory by the Islamic State (IS) and the counter-insurgency operation launched by the Govern­ment and its allies, is escalating rapidly with more than 8 million people in urgent need of humanitarian aid.  The humanitarian community is urgently appealing for $500 million to cover basic life-saving support for the most vulnerable over the next six months.

As conflict intensifies, aid groups anticipate an additional humanitarian caseload of 1.7 million people before the end of the year. But the funding has not kept up with escalating needs. Without additional funding, over half of all humanitarian operations will be cut back or closed in coming months. This means, for instance, that 56 health programmes will be forced to close, and food assistance from WFP will be ruptured.

Conflict has forced 3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) from all ethnic and religious communities to survive amid increasingly precarious conditions, the vast majority outside of camps.  In addition, hundreds of thousands remain hard-to-reach by aid groups due to ongoing fighting. The IS insurgency has subjected people to mass executions and horrendous violence, includ­ing torture. Children have been used as suicide bombers and human shields, sold at markets, killed by crucifixion and buried alive. Women and girls have been enslaved and subjected to systematic sexual violence.

The view from Ramadi

On 15 May the city of Ramadi in Anbar fell to IS leading 69,000 residents to flee – most of them to Baghdad – and trapping tens of thousands of others inside the town.  This brings the number who have fled Ramadi since April to 180,000.  Many of the families who fled to Baghdad were barred from crossing Bzbiz Bridge into the capital because they could not prove they had a “sponsor” in the city. As a result, hundreds of families were forced to sleep in the desert with no tent for protection.

Abu Jassim, who fled from Ramadi alongside his family told the Iraqi Red Crescent Society he had no idea where they would go if they ever got into Baghdad. “We have been walking for two days straight… We’re looking for shelter as we have lost everything,” he said.

Iraqi NGO, Al Khanjar Foundation, the Norwegian Refugee Council, International Organization for Migration, WFP, WHO and UNHCR, among others, are all responding to the situation in Anbar.

The conflict has dramatically driven up food prices, putting 4.4 million at risk of going hungry.  Meanwhile, close to 6.7 million Iraqis need emergency health assistance and 4.8 million are in critical need of access to clean water and sanitation.

The crisis has impacted all aspects of Iraq’s economy and society, and threatens the years-long efforts to build national reconciliation and protect the country’s impressive development gains. The Iraq Government has provided mass relief in the form of cash grants, health support, education support, shelter and food, but – for the first time in decades – is faced with a massive fiscal gap resulting from the slump in oil prices and the high costs of the counterinsurgency.

Humanitarian partners are com­plementing the support provided by the Government, community groups, religious endowments and the Iraqi people. Working in difficult and dangerous circumstances, with constant access challenges, aid groups have achieved a lot.

They are providing food to two million people each month, have helped build 22 camps for IDPs and refugees, have provided critical health care to millions of people, and vaccinated 5.3 million children against polio. Aid groups have also rehabilitated schools and trained hundreds of teachers in counselling techniques, among other interventions.

Now aid groups are calling for more help in one of the most cut-to-the-bone appeals ever issued for the region– so that they can help assist only the most vulnerable conflict-affected Iraqis. As needs grow daily, scaling back aid now would spell disaster for the Iraqi people.


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Iraq: grave carencia de recuros para asistencia humanitaria.

Falta de financiación deja a Iraq al borde de una catástrofe humanitaria, advierte la OCHA

Campamento para desplazados iraquíes en las afueras de Erbil, en el norte de Iraq. Foto: UNICEF/Phazou

04 de junio, 2015 — La Oficina de Naciones Unidas de Coordinación de Asuntos Humanitarios (OCHA) advirtió hoy que Iraq se encuentra al borde de una catástrofe humanitaria debido al recrudecimiento de la violencia y un enorme déficit de financiación.

La oficina del organismo en Iraq explicó que las operaciones vitales de asistencia, dirigidas a millones de personas afectadas por el conflicto en Iraq, corren el riesgo de ser suspendidas a menos que se consigan fondos inmediatamente.

En este contexto, OCHA y sus socios en el terreno, solicitaron a los donantes internacionales 497 millones de dólares para cubrir los costos de albergue, comida, agua y otros servicios básicos durante los próximos seis meses.

El llamamiento, lanzado en Bruselas, abarca la asistencia a 5,6 millones de desplazados que han sido víctimas de los enfrentamientos entre las fuerzas del gobierno y el Estado Islámico de Iraq y el Levante (ISIS).

El subsecretario general de la ONU, Kyung-Wha Kang, describió el drama humano durante el evento: “Las mujeres y las niñas son secuestradas y son víctimas de violencia y esclavitud sexual de forma sistemática. Algunos niños han perdido a sus padres, otros huyeron a la fuerza para salvar sus vidas. Las familias desplazadas buscan refugio donde pueden, en escuelas y edificios abandonados, al costado de las rutas, en puestos fronterizos mientras esperan para cruzar a un territorio más seguro”, detalló el alto funcionario.

La coordinadora humanitaria de la ONU en Iraq, Lise Grande, señaló que a pesar de los esfuerzos de las agencias dedicadas al tema, más del 50% de esos operativos podrían cancelarse de no contar con financiación.

La oficina de OCHA en Iraq alertó que las necesidades en ese país son enormes y siguen aumentando, al punto que 8 millones de personas requieren socorro inmediato. Sin embargo, advierte que esa cifra podría escalar a 10 millones para fines de 2015.

De hecho, la violencia ha forzado a tres millones de iraquíes a abandonar sus hogares y a desplazarse en al menos 3.000 sitios diferentes a lo largo del país.

Además, existen constantes violaciones de los derechos humanos y el estado de derecho, al tiempo que las tensiones sectarias se agudizan.


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Nepal: situación actual. Datos estadísticos. OCHA

nepal-map

Relief gains in quake-struck Nepal substantial, yet insufficient

(Kathmandu/Bangkok, 25 May 2015) The large-scale relief operation launched in the wake of the devastating 7.8-mangnitude earthquake, which struck Nepal on 25 April, continues to intensify. National and local authorities are leading the effort, supported by the United Nations, humanitarian partners, the international community, private sector and volunteers.

“The momentum is there. We have been making substantial progress for the past month,” said Jamie McGoldrick, Humanitarian Coordinator in Nepal. “Considering the conditions and complexities, we are now well-positioned to assist all the affected communities”.

The topography of Nepal is the major challenge. Some 315,000 people in the 14 most affected districts remain in areas inaccessible by road, while 75,000 of cannot be reached even by air. Aid delivery is complemented with traditional methods, to work around challenges. Elite climbers and porters joined the effort, setting off on foot from the areas where aid is dropped off. Five logistics and three coordination hubs, together with an established humanitarian staging area and mobile storage units, allow the responders to optimize the flow of relief goods, both by air and by road.

With monsoon season just two/three weeks away, the race is on to provide hundreds of thousands of families with roofs over their heads. Food and other items and services are also urgently required to ensure the survival of people affected by the back-to-back quakes.

“We don’t have much time left to achieve what we set out to accomplish,” said Mr. McGoldrick. “But with the right support at the right time, we can assist people who desperately need our help, even those in the remote hard-to-reach places”.

The United Nations and humanitarian partners aim to provide emergency shelter to more than 350,000 families whose homes were destroyed. Some 1.9 million people are in need of immediate food assistance and 1.5 million people require sanitation and hygiene support. On-going medical care is needed for 2 million people, while effective surveillance and response measures must be deployed to mitigate any possible disease outbreaks. Providing immediate learning spaces and support to some 1.1 million children is an immediate protective and psycho-social measure for children and will allow families to return to livelihood activities.

To date, only US$ 92.4 million, or 22 per cent of what is required for the response, was received against the $423 million humanitarian appeal, launched by the UN and partners on 29 April. A further $33 million (or additional eight per cent) in support of the ongoing response was received by partners outside of the Flash Appeal.

For further information please contact:
Leszek Barczak, Public Information Officer, OCHA Nepal
Tel: +977.9860.889.062; e-mail: barczakl@un.org
Orla Fagan, Regional Public Information Officer, OCHA Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Tel: +66.899.447.623; e-mail: fagano@un.org

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: